The United Nations is committed to the peaceful use of space and the shared benefits of space activities by all nations. This concern for the peaceful use of space began shortly after the launch of Sputnik , the first artificial satellite, by the Soviet Union in 1957, and followed the advances of space technology. The United Nations has played an important role in developing international space law and fostering international cooperation on space science and technology issues. This last point is the most important of all. For people may know what are the necessary and sufficient means to maintain peace, but they may not be prepared to use it. As mentioned above, people sometimes know the cure for a disease they suffer from, but cannot get it applied because they are unpleasant or expensive, or they demand to give up their usual habits, or require hard and persevering efforts. Any real cure for the ancient and deep disease of war will not be a cheap or simple remedy. Sustainable peace can only be achieved by nations at one price. It will be a high price that will require some changes in their habits of thought and action, and time alone will tell if they are willing to pay it at the end of a second world war in a generation. The extension of the pact to other nations has been well received at the international level. After the heavy losses of the First World War, the idea of declaring war illegal was very popular with international public opinion. Because the language of the pact justified the important point that only wars of aggression – not military acts of self-defence – would be covered by the Covenant, many nations had no objection to signing.
If the pact were intended to limit conflict, everyone would benefit; not to draw any legal consequences. In early 1928, the negotiations of the agreement were extended to all the first signatories. In the final version of the pact, they agreed on two clauses: the first dense war, as an instrument of national policy, and the second inviting the signatories to settle their differences by peaceful means. The Pact not only linked the various nations that signed it, but also served as one of the legal bases established by international standards that the threat or the use of military force in violation of international law and the resulting territorial acquisitions are illegal. But, say those who have this view – the question of whether an aggression takes place and whether it should be repressed by the military forces that are available to the international organization is not at all a matter of policy.